Thank you for the insight sir!
I really appreciate it!

On Sun, Feb 2, 2020 at 9:36 PM Doug Reed <n0nas at> wrote:

> Hi Danny.
> Your question "What is the best Linux" can't be answered since it is
> often personal preference. It is the same as asking what is the best
> car, best TV show, or who is the best musician. Everyone will have a
> different opinion. And it really does come down to opinion.
> Several people have asked what are you going to use the computer for?
> I'll simply suggest that if you are looking for an alternative to
> Windows 7 or Windows 10 and simply want the computer for web browsing,
> email, maybe a few letters, and playing music or videos, then ANY of
> the top six Linux versions on the web site will
> probably install and run just fine and do everything you want. The
> next 20 will probably work also....
> I am still a NOOB with Linux. The above list of items is primarily
> what I use the computer for. I chose Linux Mint starting with version
> 17.1, then 18.0, and now 19.1, But I've played with multiple other
> distributions and had good luck. I started using Linux on a daily
> basis about the time Windows XP was killed off. I didn't want to
> support Microsoft and keep buying new computers when my old one would
> do everything I needed as long as I could get security updates.
> Instead of asking us for the "best" Linux, you can search for the same
> phrase on Google and read a bunch of web pages, add in 2019 or 2020 if
> you want the latest reviews. What you really want is reviews that will
> rate the various distributions based on ease of use, features, and
> target audience. Unless you are in the "guru" class, you probably
> should avoid Gentoo Linux and Linux From Scratch. If all you want is a
> simple replacement for Windows WITHOUT running your old Windows
> software, then any of the first 5 or 10 Linux Distros on
> will probably fill the bill. Personally, I like Linux
> Mint, which is based on Ubuntu, which is based on Debian. But that is
> just my opinion based on the way I use the computer and my opinion is
> worth every cent you paid for it...,
> There are a few things you will want to be aware of. Again, they are
> my just opinion.
> If your computer is too new, you may have problems simply because the
> people writing drivers haven't caught up with the your hardware. You
> can also have trouble with some laptops, or any computer, if the
> manufacturer got too "frisky" using uncommon chips or using them in an
> uncommon way. Usually that isn't a serious problem and a bit of
> Googling will point you to a fix. But if you can't find an answer
> after an hour or two of search, then download a different distro and
> try that one.... I've had to do that multiple times when trying to
> find a distro which works well on an old laptop or with a weird
> BIOS....
> You may want to choose several different distributions so you have an
> option if the first one gives you problems. I think one of my more
> common problems has been wanting to try a new distro but the bootable
> DVD will not boot in my computer because of BIOS vs UEFI differences.
> Most modern distros can also write to a USB stick and boot from there,
> but that isn't anywhere near 100% either.
> Years ago, my most common problems were video, sound cards, WIFI, and
> printers. The sound card and WIFI problems are pretty well solved.
> Some people have trouble with their video card but I don't because my
> video cards are simple and use very standard chips. But I can't say
> the same for printers. That is still my usual problem with different
> distros. If you have an HP laser printer, there will probably be no
> trouble. A few years ago I had a Canon laser printer and it took
> several months before I found the trick to make it print properly
> without rebooting the computer after every print job. I'm now using a
> Brother HL-L2300D laser printer because it was CHEAP. But I'm still
> having trouble getting it to print long docs with graphics. Text
> prints OK. Just be aware you may have trouble.
> I would suggest you start by reading a bunch of the "best Linux to
> replace Windows" web sites. Then choose half a dozen distros and read
> the reviews about them on Distrowatch. Then choose three of them and
> download the ISO files and burn a bootable "live" DVD for each of
> them. Then you can boot each one and play with them before you install
> any of them. Test the major functions, networking, WIFI, sound, play a
> video, and try the printer. Make notes about what you like and don't
> like, then try the next one. Running from a DVD is SLOW, so ignore
> that problem while testing the distros.
> It was said that defectors from the old Communist USSR used to have
> breakdowns because they had so many choices to make every day of their
> new life. Just the number of choices in the big-box stores or grocery
> stores gave them trouble. Linux is similar.
> All Linux distros use the same basic software at the core of the
> operating system. Beyond that it is choices and how you optimize the
> extra pieces you pile on top. We choose to use some pre-configured
> distribution that someone with more knowledge has put together for us.
> We accept "his" choices so we don't have to figure out how to do it
> ourselves. If you decide later that he left something out or you like
> a different program than what he provided, you can add it to your
> system from the "repository" of Linux programs that all distros
> maintain. One benefit of trying many distros is that you get to see
> some of the different software and might decide to add it to your
> system later.
> One major "choice" I haven't mentioned yet is the choice of "window
> manager". The window manager controls the screen and is what lets you
> "point and click" to run a program or interact with your browser.
> Microsoft Windows has a different window manager in every version of
> the OS, but you don't get to choose, MS tells you what you get. Just
> remember how the screen changed as you went from Windows 2000, to Win
> XP, to Vista, then Win 7, 8, and now Win 10. I used Win 2000 for a
> long time and it was better than Win NT4, I liked the Win XP screen a
> lot, I can live with Win 7 and I hate Win 10, but I can't choose a
> different window manager with MS.
> Linux goes the other route. There are maybe 4 or 5 major window
> managers and at least a dozen minor versions. At minimum they all do
> the same thing. The difference is in the extra features and the eye
> candy they provide. The big two are KDE (Cinnamon) and Gnome (Mate).
> They are considered "heavy" because they have a lot of extra features
> and eye candy and take a bigger chunk of the CPU cycles to run. I
> currently use Linux Mint with the Mate window manager on my dual core
> 2.5GHz laptop. On a slower computer or one with 1GB of RAM or less,
> I'd probably choose the XFCE window manager or one of the other "light
> weight" window managers for older computers. Or if I wanted a bit more
> "snap" in my window manager, I could still use any of the light weight
> versions on the fastest computer made.
> My last comment will be regarding running your old Windows programs on
> Linux. So far I haven't bothered because for most of what I want to
> run I can find a free Linux program to do the same thing. The only
> money I spend on software is when I make a donation to support a
> program I like and use. But I'm not using Linux for heavy graphics or
> video rendering or building a database for a Fortune 500 company. My
> computer is just a hobby and daily requirement for life, but not how I
> make a living....
> If you do have some old Windows programs that you can't live without
> and can't find a free alternative, then you can do your own research
> and figure out how to make it work under Linux. But I'm not the one to
> answer any questions on that subject.... But chances are pretty good
> you can make it work...
> This should be enough to keep you going for a while. Once you choose a
> few distros to try and if you still have problems installing the
> distro of your choice, that will be the time to come back here with a
> specific question and the guys (and gals) will try to help.
> Your last option is to try attending one of the local Linux group's
> meetings. You can find some info at Penguins Unbound
> <> and perhaps find something
> in your area, or ask here on the TCLUG list. It used to be that
> Penguins Unbound would schedule an "Installfest" at one of the spring
> meetings where you could take your computer and get help and advice on
> installing Linux, but I don't know if one is scheduled for this
> spring.
> Good luck with your journey to Linux.
> Doug.
> --
> I vote the Second Amendment FIRST!
> The things they do not tell you are usually the clue to solving the
> problem.
> _______________________________________________
> TCLUG Mailing List - Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota
> tclug-list at

Danny Johnson
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